Volcanoes National Park: A Haven for Mountain Gorillas and Adventure Seekers

Located in northwestern Rwanda, Volcanoes National Park is a natural wonder that attracts tourists from all over the world. The park covers an area of 160 square kilometers and is part of the Virunga Massif, a chain of volcanoes that extends across Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. In this essay, we will explore the various aspects of the park that make it a must-visit destination for wildlife lovers and adventure seekers.

Introduction to Volcanoes National Park

Volcanoes National Park was established in 1925, making it Africa’s oldest national park. The park is home to 10 volcanoes, with five of them located within its boundaries. The park’s altitude ranges from 2,400 to 4,507 meters, creating a diverse landscape of lush green forests, bamboo groves, and heathland. The park is renowned for its population of endangered mountain gorillas, which are the main attraction for most visitors.

Mountain Gorilla Trekking

Mountain gorilla trekking is the main activity in Volcanoes National Park. The park has ten habituated gorilla families that tourists can visit. Trekking in the park usually takes between two to eight hours, depending on the location of the gorilla family. The trek itself is an adventure, with tourists walking through dense forests, steep hills, and bamboo groves. Once visitors find the gorilla family, they are allowed to spend one hour in their presence, observing their behavior and taking photographs.

Conservation Efforts

Volcanoes National Park is one of the few places in the world where mountain gorillas can be found in their natural habitat. The park’s conservation efforts have been critical in ensuring the survival of these endangered primates. The park’s management works with local communities to reduce human-wildlife conflict and provide alternative sources of income. The park’s rangers also conduct regular patrols to prevent poaching and illegal activities within the park.

Other Activities in the Park

Apart from gorilla trekking, Volcanoes National Park offers other activities that tourists can enjoy. These include:

  1. Golden Monkey Trekking – The park is also home to the rare golden monkeys that can only be found in the Virunga Massif.

  2. Hiking – Visitors can hike up to the summits of some of the park’s volcanoes, such as Mount Bisoke and Mount Karisimbi.

  3. Cultural Tours – Visitors can also take part in cultural tours that showcase the traditions and customs of the local communities around the park.


Volcanoes National Park has several accommodation options that cater to different budgets. These range from luxury lodges to budget guesthouses. The lodges are located near the park, making it easy for visitors to access the park’s activities. The lodges also offer a variety of amenities such as restaurants, bars, and spa services.


In conclusion, Volcanoes National Park is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in experiencing the natural wonders of Rwanda. The park’s conservation efforts have made it a safe haven for endangered species such as mountain gorillas, making it a unique place to visit. The park’s location within the Virunga Massif also offers a stunning landscape that is perfect for hiking and other outdoor activities. With a variety of accommodation options, visitors can enjoy a comfortable stay while exploring the park’s many attractions.