Nyungwe National Park: A Hidden Gem in Rwanda

Nyungwe National Park is a protected forest located in southwestern Rwanda, covering an area of approximately 1,020 square kilometers. Established in 2004, the park is home to a diverse range of wildlife and habitats, making it one of the most biodiverse areas in Africa. In this essay, we will explore the park’s unique features and why it is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Rwanda.

Location and History

Nyungwe National Park is located in the western part of Rwanda, bordering Burundi to the south and Lake Kivu to the west. The park was established in 2004 by the Rwandan government to protect the forest and its wildlife, which was under threat from deforestation and poaching. Since its establishment, the park has become a popular destination for tourists seeking to experience Rwanda’s natural beauty and wildlife.


Nyungwe National Park is known for its incredible biodiversity, with over 1,000 plant species, 300 bird species, and 75 mammal species. The park is home to 13 primate species, including the endangered chimpanzees and the black-and-white colobus monkeys. The park’s diverse habitats, which include bamboo forests, swamps, and montane forests, support a wide range of wildlife, from leopards and bushbucks to various species of birds and insects.

Hiking and Trekking

One of the best ways to experience Nyungwe National Park is through hiking and trekking. The park has several well-marked trails that take visitors through different habitats, providing opportunities to spot wildlife and enjoy the beautiful scenery. One of the most popular trails is the Canopy Walkway, which is suspended 50 meters above the forest floor and provides stunning views of the forest canopy and surrounding hills.

Chimpanzee Tracking

Nyungwe National Park is one of the few places in Africa where visitors can track wild chimpanzees. The park has several groups of habituated chimpanzees, which means they are used to the presence of humans and can be observed from a safe distance. Chimpanzee tracking is a thrilling experience that allows visitors to observe these intelligent primates in their natural habitat.


Nyungwe National Park is a birdwatcher’s paradise, with over 300 bird species recorded in the park. Some of the most sought-after species include the great blue turaco, the Rwenzori turaco, and the red-breasted sparrowhawk. The park’s varied habitats support a wide range of birdlife, from forest-dwelling species to waterbirds found around the park’s swamps and lakes.


Nyungwe National Park is an important conservation area, and the Rwandan government has made efforts to protect the park’s wildlife and habitats. The park’s rangers work to prevent poaching and illegal logging, and local communities are involved in conservation efforts through initiatives such as beekeeping and sustainable agriculture.


Nyungwe National Park is a hidden gem in Rwanda, offering visitors the chance to experience the country’s natural beauty and biodiversity. From hiking and trekking to chimpanzee tracking and birdwatching, the park has something for everyone. With its unique features and commitment to conservation, Nyungwe National Park is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Rwanda.